Oriental Institute

Oriental Institute

Oriental Institute
Jarmo Expedition 5
III: Events
Jarmo (Iraq), one of the world's oldest known agricultural communities, was first excavated in 1948 by a team from the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute led by Robert J. Braidwood. Pictures of Jarmo and adjacent settlements from his 1950-1951 expedition, top row: (1) About the size of a small city block, Jarmo (near Kirkuk) dates to 4750 BCE; (2) Approximately 300 inhabitants once lived in 50 mud-walled houses, each containing ovens complete with chimneys, and several rectilinear rooms. The picture shows reeds used as flooring. Bottom row: (1) Stone floorings and clusters of hearth stones at Karim Shahir, a two-acre site upstream from Jarmo, that was excavated by the American Schools of Oriental Research. (2) Stone-age Palegawra, a cave near Sulimaniyah, ten miles east of Jarmo, thought to have been occupied by hunter-gatherers.
Braidwood, Robert John, 1907-2003 | Architecture, Ancient--Iraq | Civilization, Ancient--Iraq | Jarmo (Deserted settlement) | Cave dwellings | Excavations (Archaeology)--Iraq
Photographic prints; 18.5 x 23.5 cm
Archival Photographic Files
University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center

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